May 25, 2020

Major Battles of the Revolution

Leading the Charge, Battles of the American Revolution

Leading the Charge, Battles of the American Revolution

Major battles of the American Revolution is part 13 of “Revisiting the American Revolution History,” my lead up to the Fourth of July celebration. There were over 25 major battles in the American Revolution. From the first shots at the Battle of Lexington and Concord in April 1775, to the Battle of Germantown in the winter of 1777, the British had the superior fighting force. However, the Continental Army had some significant wins. In early 1777, Britain had two main armies led by General Burgoyne and General Cornwallis. As Burgoyne’s army marched south, they extended their supply lines to the point of running out of food and supplies. Eventually, Burgoyne was forced to surrender at the Battle of Saratoga.

In December 1777, Washington and his army retreated to spend the winter at Valley Forge. For the next six months the Continental Army performed rigorous training and emerged as a new and powerful fighting force. Early 1778 also saw France formally join to help fight against the British.

General Cornwallis on his march south defeated the Continental Army at the Battle of Savannah in December 1778, and continued to dominate wins through to the Battle of Charlestown and the Battle of Camden in August, 1780. However, General Washington and French General Rochambeau devised a plan to trap Cornwallis and his army at Yorktown, Virginia, with the French naval fleet blocking a British escape by sea. By mid-October, Cornwallis was running out of food and ammunition. On October 19, 1781, General Cornwallis and 8,000 British troops surrendered.

Check out these links to learn more about the Battles of the American Revolution. Also see the Battles of the American Revolution video collection.

In the next session, I’ll talk about the Articles of Confederation.

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