May 25, 2020

British Evacuation of Boston

British SoldiersThe British Evacuation of Boston is part 11 of “Revisiting the American Revolution History,” my lead up to the Fourth of July celebration.

After the Battle of Lexington and Concord, the colonial militia had set up a siege line around the British army in Boston. This limited the British access to fresh meat and other supplies. Also, even though the British defeated the militia in the Battle of Bunker Hill, major losses left the British needing reinforcements from England. On July 3, George Washington arrived to take charge of the new Continental Army. The Continental Army moved cannons captured at Fort Ticonderoga and overnight on March 5, 1776, moved the cannons and several thousand troops to occupy Dorchester Heights, overlooking Boston. This put both the British army in Boston, and the British fleet in the harbor, within range of the American guns. On March 8, the British sent a letter to George Washington stating that they would not destroy Boston if allowed to peacefully depart. On March 17, 1776, one hundred and twenty ships with more than 11,000 soldiers and loyalists departed for England. This was a major victory for the newly formed Continental Army under General George Washington.

Check out these links to learn more about the British Evacuation of Boston. Also see the British Evacuation of Boston video collection.

In the next session, I’ll talk about the Declaration of Independence.

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